Abraham Accord Agreement Pdf

Jared Kushner, the trump administration official who participated in the negotiations of the agreement, told CBS News that the deal would make the Middle East more peaceful and hopeful, meaning fewer U.S. troops would have to be deployed in the region. [43] Foreign Affairs Minister Mike Pompeo said the agreement was an important step toward stabilizing the region and was good for the world. [44] The agreement was a major political reversal for Mr. Netanyahu, who has long insisted on the expansion of settlements in the occupied West Bank, with the aim of annexing the territory. Mr. Netanyahu was under political pressure to be flexible, as three new elections gave him only a majority in a coalition government and he was prosecuted in 2021. In 2019, the Trump administration reversed decades of U.S. policy by declaring that West Bank settlements were not contrary to international law, a decision that threatened the two-state solution, long seen as the key to a lasting peace between Israel and the Palestinians. The Trump administration`s Middle East policy, developed by Jared Kushner, the president`s top adviser, and published in January 2020, endorsed Mr. Netanyahu`s plan to reintegate existing settlements. After Yousef Al Otaiba, the ambassador of the United Arab Emirates, wrote a statement in June 2020 in which he warned that the annexation would threaten better relations between Israel and the Arab world, Kushner saw an opportunity and intervened to facilitate the talks.

After the negotiators agreed, Mr. Trump, Netanyahu and Abu Dhabi`s crown prince, Mohammed bin Zayed, held a conference call just before an official announcement. [21] [9] [27] [28] [29] On 16 August 2020, the Financial Times wrote that instead of bringing about peace, the agreement would exacerbate the Palestinians` sense of despair and create more problems in the future, as the Israeli and US governments "have shown no interest in a fair solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict." [165] The Abraham Agreement was a joint declaration between Israel, the United Arab Emirates and the United States, which was adopted on August 13, 2020. [1] Subsequently, it was also used to refer collectively to the agreements between Israel and the United Arab Emirates (the standardization agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates) and Bahrain (the Bahrain-Israel Standardization Agreement). [2] According to the International Business Times, the treaty was generally viewed with skepticism by people in Gulf countries outside the United Arab Emirates. [45] Emiratis who criticized the deal online were the many than those who supported it due to a crackdown against dissent, with many of those opposing the deal living outside UAE. An open online signature campaign against the agreement launched by the UAE Anti-Normalization Association had received 1.7 million signatures as of 17 September. [46] The South African Ministry of International Relations and Cooperation regretted that the agreement was reached without consultation with the Palestinians, although the agreement is linked to their future, and noted that the agreement did not guarantee a permanent suspension of the annexation of parts of the West Bank. [124] On August 21, Prince Turki bin Faisal Al Saud wrote in an obvious response to Trump, who said on August 19 that he expected Saudi Arabia to accede to the agreement, that the price to be paid for normalizing relations with Israel was the creation of a sovereign Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.

He added that any Arab country that wants to follow in the footsteps of the United Arab Emirates should in future demand a higher price from Israel for peace. [62] Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi said the agreement would pave the way for peace agreements with other nations and welcomed the suspension of unilateral annexation. Yesh Atid`s chairman Yair Lapid welcomed the agreement as a "important step" for normalization with the UAE and said it showed mutual agreements are the path to be path to be path for Israel`s relations with other nations, instead of unilateral steps like annexation.