Anglo Japanese Agreement 1902

I have shown how carefully and moderately this agreement is formulated. We would obviously be very happy if other powers were prepared to pursue the same objectives that we are pursuing and to follow our example. In that regard, I can speak to the attitude of the United States, to which the member for South Wolverhampton referred. During the difficulties in China, we worked with the United States on the most cordial terms. I think I can say that in almost every crisis and even in every little difficulty – which occurred during the Beijing negotiations – the representatives of the United States and our representatives acted together. I have no doubt that in this agreement we will get the full agreement of the United States government. Mr President, the fact is that the power of England is essential for Japan and that the power of Japan is very important for England. We have observed, I believe, almost the whole world, with interest and approval, the remarkable progress made by Japan on the path of civilization and in its ascent to the rights and responsibilities of a Western power; and on a recent occasion – when the representatives of all powers in Beijing were in such imminent danger – Japan earned the gratitude of all of Europe by being the first on the ground to save it. For ourselves, as I have often said in this House, our policy in the Far East is not aggressive. We fully recognize the position of profound responsibility in which the extent of our empire of 1288 brought us.

Our policy has always been sober and prudent; And I think we can say in China how we can say about the East in general, whether in our negotiations elsewhere or in the agreement we have before Parliament, our only wish is progress and peace. If one party is involved in a war to defend its territorial rights or special interests mentioned in the preamble to this Agreement because of an un provoked attack or aggressive action, when it is born other powers or powers, the other party will immediately come to the aid of its ally and wage a common war. and to make peace by mutual agreement with him. Well, sir, the Under-Secretary of State has given a very clear, thorough and reasonable answer to my friend Hon`s questions, with the same care and meaning; But I don`t know that the Lord has fully satisfied us. I am not satisfied with our opinion, but satisfied with our reasonable and fair curiosity. The Noble Lord, as far as I understand, gave us no reason to take this step.