Libya Agreement With Turkey

And while relations have improved in Turkey and Russia, Ankara and Moscow are pitted against Libya, with Russia (and Egypt and the United Arab Emirates) supporting Marshal Khalifa Haftar of the Libyan National Army, which is fighting the GNA in Tripoli. Ibrahim Kalon, spokesman for the Turkish president, said Sarraj`s decision to resign would not affect the country`s cooperation and agreements with Turkey. "These agreements will not be affected by this political process because they are decisions made by governments and not by individuals," Kalon said. "United ministers have registered the agreement on maritime justice between Turkey and Libya," the ministry said on its Twitter account. "Our deep relationship with Libya, based on more than 500 years of history, will continue to strengthen." Turkey could provide more resources, including exploration and drilling, to increase oil production in the country. Libya has unique advantages as an oil producer and its reserves remain considerable: with more than 48 billion barrels, or nearly 3% of the world total, the deposit is the largest in Africa. By maintaining friendly relations with the government of the National Assembly (GNA) in Tripoli, Ankara hopes to "secure" Libya for the Muslim Brotherhood, gain more influence in the natural resources debate over the next half-decade and try to block the EastMed gas pipeline project. This is the same period in which the EastMed should theoretically be completed and begin to operate. The legitimacy and legal consequences of the agreement have been challenged by a number of states in the region as well as by the European Union.

According to the European Union, the agreement "violates the sovereign rights of third countries, is not in accordance with the law of the sea and cannot have legal consequences for third countries." [3] Cyprus and Egypt both considered the agreement "illegal", while Greece considers it "unconfessed" and "geographically absurd" because it ignores the presence of the islands of Crete, Kasos, Karpathos, Kastellorizo and Rhodes between the Turkish and Libyan coasts. [4] In recent months, Libya has undergone a radical change on the ground, the UN-backed GNA has broken the siege of Tripoli by the self-reported Libyan National Army of Haftar, supported by the United Arab Emirates (UAE, Egypt, Russia and France. Josep Borrell, Vice-President of the European Commission, said that the agreement signed by Turkey and Libya is a violation of third countries and does not comply with the law of the sea. [13] The President of the Republic of Cyprus, Nicos Anastasiades, wanted to create a diplomatic movement to annihilate the agreement between Libya and Turkey. He also stated that this movement would not include any military options. [14] Greece challenged the UN and denounced the Libyan ambassador in response to the agreement, furious at a pact that bypasses the Greek island of Crete and violates its continental shelf. [15] In a joint statement of 11 May 2020, Greece, Cyprus, Egypt, France and the United Arab Emirates condemned the agreement on the grounds that it could have "no legal consequences for third countries" because it violated Greece`s sovereign rights and did not violate maritime law. [17] Turkey called the joint statement hypocritical by "a group of countries seeking regional chaos and instability." [18] Moreover, increasing reports of mercenaries from the Russian group Wagner, tipping the balance in Haftar`s favour, have fuelled Washington`s fears of increasing Russian influence in the region, leading to speculation that the United States has given the green light to the NATO agreement with Turkey.