The Stabilization And Association Agreement

The Stabilisation and Association Agreements are part of the EU Stabilisation and Association Process (SAP) and the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). At present, the countries of the Western Balkans are at the centre of sap`s concerns. Specific Stabilisation and Association Agreements (SAAs) have been implemented with various Balkan countries, which explicitly contain provisions on the future accession of the country concerned to the EU. The AAs resemble in principle the Europe Agreements signed in the 1990s with the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Association Agreement with Turkey. The agreement with Kosovo was the first to be signed after the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, which has the legal personality of the EU. [2] [3] As a result, an EU representative in Kosovo said: "Unlike the SAA with other countries in the region, this will be exclusively the EU agreement. The EU will sign it as a legal entity. [4] The agreement did not have to be ratified individually by each member state, some of which did not recognise Kosovo`s independence. [5] The representative continued: "Since Kosovo is not recognised by the five member states, we had to adopt a directive stipulating that the signing of the agreement does not mean that the EU or any of the countries recognise Kosovo as a state." [4] The subsequent amendments to the agreement have been incorporated into the original document. This consolidated version is only documentary. The decision has been in effect since February 26, 2009 and the contract since April 1, 2009.

In 2005, the EU`s relations with the Western Balkans were transferred from the `External Relations` policy area to the `Enlargement` policy area. Since 2015, Albania, North Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia have been officially recognised as candidates for accession. Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo are not recognised as candidate countries, but as potential candidates. [1] In discussions with countries that have expressed a desire to join the European Union, the EU usually concludes association agreements in exchange for commitments to political, economic, trade or human rights reforms in that country. . . .